Markmið námsins

The study is part of a large international research project examining the role of macro-level (i.e. cultural and socioeconomic), meso-level (i.e. organisational), and micro-level (i.e. individual) factors in work addiction and related health problems. The survey will be conducted during the winter of 2022 in over 50 countries around the world, including six continents. It is the most extensive study on work addiction conducted to date. 

Participation criteria are: being an adult and employed full-time for at least one year in an organisation with at least 10 employees. Immediately after filling out the survey, all participants will obtain detailed feedback on their psychosocial functioning at work, including risks of work addiction, work-related depression, and burnout, and potential organisational and individual risk factors contributing to their functioning at work. It may help identify personal and organisational strengths and weaknesses and improve job performance and well-being in and outside the work environment. Participants will be directed to a webpage where detailed information concerning the interpretation of their results will be available alongside recommendations on potential self-help and professional solutions.

The inclusion criteria for the survey are based on our research goals. 

One of our main goals is to investigate the so called meso-level factors contributing to work addiction. These are related to organisational variables such as organisational climate and culture. For this reason, in our survey we include participants employed in organisations categorized as at least medium-business, i.e., 10 and more employees. In order to assure that these factors had an effect on participants, we include participants who worked at least one year for the present employer, and who work full-time.

We are also investigating so-called macro-level factors contributing to work addiction. These are related to country-level variables. For this reason, in this survey we include participants who are citizens of a particular country and live in it. This way we want to assure that the factors associated with the country level variables had an effect on participants.

Áhrif rannsóknarinnar

Eitt af markmiðum rannsókna okkar er að veita gögn um hlutfall gífurlegs kostnaðar við langvarandi streitu í og utan vinnuumhverfis sem rekja má beint til vinnufíknar um allan heim. Mikilvægast er að við viljum skilja hvaða þættir stuðla mest að vinnufíkn til að þróa bestu starfsvenjur í forvörnum og meðferð hennar. Niðurstöður þessarar rannsóknar geta veitt vísindalegan grunn til að undirbúa tilmæli til stjórnvalda um vinnuaðstæður og haft áhrif á stefnur og verklag stofnana varðandi vinnuumhverfi og skipulagsgildi til að lágmarka hættuna á þróun vinnufíknar og/eða draga úr áhrifum hennar á heilsu og vellíðan.

Ennfremur mun þetta verkefni leggja til grundvallar forsendur fyrir réttmæti þess að hugtaka vinnufíkn sem raunverulega atferlisfíkn. Sem slík getur það örvað fleiri rannsóknir sem nauðsynlegar eru fyrir formlega viðurkenningu þess sem ávanabindandi röskun í opinberri flokkun sjúkdóma og kvilla, svo sem alþjóðlega flokkun sjúkdóma af Alþjóðaheilbrigðismálastofnuninni. Slík auðkenning mun hafa djúpstæðar afleiðingar á félagslega, stofnanalega og skipulagslega skynjun, viðurkenningu, forvarnir og meðferð áráttu ofvinnu. Sem slík getur það stuðlað að verulegri minnkun mannlegra þjáninga um allan heim og athyglisverðrar framleiðniauka fyrir stofnanir, stofnanir og hagfræði á landsvísu.

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